The back hurts what needs to be done first

Among all the diseases of the human body, back diseases are, firstly, the most common and, secondly, the most painful in their course (especially in the neglected forms).Both the first and the second encourage us to know exactly what can be the causes of back pain, and what are the ways to remove, or at least reduce the pain syndrome.

In the article below, we will analyze these issues in as much detail as possible, first describing standard methods of pain relief, regardless of the reason for their occurrence. Next, we will focus on specific diseases along with symptomatic treatment methods, appropriate to each specific case. Also, attention will be paid to the facts and risk groups for back pain.

What to do if your back hurts

Modern medicine has developed in its depths a number of treatment methods, the use of which, more often than not, goes beyond the treatment of a single disease. These methods include:

  • Medication;
  • Fixation therapy equipment (belts, collars, etc. );
  • Reflexology;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • exercise therapy;
  • Surgical intervention.
Treatment methods

Usually, to eliminate pain and effectively treat its cause, a complex application of the above tools is required, where the practical relationship of some methods in relation to others is determined by a specific pathology.

Scoliosis

Reference: this disease is characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae laterally and their passage beyond the normal boundaries of the spine. To compensate for such a destructive turn, muscle overload occurs adjacent to the site of displacement.

The latter leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated by the following methods:

  1. Pain reliever.There are many proven over-the-counter medications on the pharmaceutical market that can effectively treat pain. Sprays, capsules, oils, tablets - regardless of the form of release - all work according to the standard principle (if we are talking about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Medications block certain chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for the pain process. These drugs include:
    1. Ibuprofen;
    2. Naproxen;
    3. Acetylsalicylic acid;
    4. Paracetamol;
    As mentioned above, each of them can be purchased absolutely free - in any pharmacy, in any geographical point of Russia. However, it is important to understand that the use of any medication is associated with any risk of exceeding the recommended dose or not considering individual intolerance.
  2. Pain relievers
  3. The second way to relieve pain in scoliosis is an effective remedy for reducing muscle spasms - a warm compress.Its mechanism of action is the relaxation of muscles, increasing their mobility and dilating adjacent blood vessels.

    Help: Usually a heating pad wrapped in a towel is placed on the sore spot for 20-30 minutes, no more than 2-3 times a day.

  4. In addition to heat, the opposite force of cold can be used to relieve pain.Ice, cold heating pad, etc. also effectively relieve inflammation and swelling. Apply a cold compress for no more than 20 minutes per tap, in total.

Toothed nerve

The spine is a point, or rather a line, of the intersection of a large number of nerve pathways passing through the spinal cord to all the limbs of the human body.Often, devastating pathologies or physical injury can lead to nerve compression, which triggers a strong pain attack. In this case, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as surgery may be needed.

To endure the first signs of a tight nerve, you can do the following:

  1. Take analgesic medications that are similar to the previous pharmacological list.
  2. Minimize movement;
  3. Strictly adhere to the rest of the bed.

Once the acute pain syndrome is alleviated, other therapeutic and prophylactic means are used - physiotherapy exercises, massages, traditional medicine, etc.

The ingrained nerve

Osteochondrosis

Reference: This disease is described by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the body, which are responsible for the strength of connective tissue. When it shrinks, deformity of the intervertebral discs develops.

Osteochondrosis is usually accompanied by persistent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.

Pain syndrome occurs in accordance with the localization of the disease (lower back, thorax and cervix).Depending on the type of pain, there are effective remedies for relieving it:

  1. For neck pain, exercise therapy, massage and medication are commonly used;
  2. For pain in the lumbar region - a set of statistical and dynamic exercises, medication administered by an infectious route;
  3. Medications, massage and physiotherapy are also used for eye pain;
  4. For pain in the heart and chest area - therapeutic blockades, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, bed rest;

Important: the methods of the same physiotherapy exercises are different for each type of osteochondrosis, which means consulting a specialist before performing certain exercises. The same goes for medicines, massage, physiotherapy and any other therapeutic and prophylactic means.

Disc hernium

When this disease occurs, the main accompanying symptom is acute pain syndrome, the removal of which is often vital for the patient.Dystrophic processes occurring in the body cause a strong displacement of the vertebral disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which, in turn, is accompanied by periods of excruciating pain.Disc herniaThe latter in some cases in itself can lead to the most unpleasant consequences up to a painful concussion.

Effective treatments for disc herniation pain include the following:

  1. Use of medicines;
  2. Physiotherapy;
  3. exercise therapy;

Thus, the medical method consists of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs for relieving muscle tension (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectors and analgesics of corticosteroids.

Forms of release can be very different - from intravenous injections to oils and patches.

Physiotherapy is usually limited to the following set of procedures:

  1. Electrophoresis;
  2. Shock Wave Therapy;
  3. Electrotection;
  4. Ultrasound;
  5. Bee Venom;
  6. Hirudotherapy.

Exercise therapy, on the other hand, consists of the regular implementation of exercises that are prescribed by the attending physician, depending on the specifics of each individual patient. These can be activities in the pool, cycling, walking, etc.

Disc output

Note: this disease is often considered the initial form of the previous disease. So elongation is called intervertebral disc pathology, when its contents protrude beyond the spine at a distance of 5 mm.

The pain syndrome in this case is less severe than with a hernia. However, it reaches the threshold when it becomes necessary to remove it.

Methods similar to the previous list are used to successfully combat disc pain.

Shiatiku

This word indicates pathological inflammation and oppression of the sciatic nerve. Such neuralgia includes acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated in the following ways:

Shiatiku
  1. Use of narcotic pain medications: morphine hydrochloride, flupirtine maleate, tramadol hydrochloride, etc. );
  2. Ointment (diclofenac, nimesulide, diclofenac sodium, ketoprofen);
  3. Physiotherapy (Electrophoresis, shock wave therapy, electrusion, etc. )
  4. Physiotherapy exercises;
  5. Breathing exercises;
  6. Cold compression.

With sciatica, the pain syndrome is most often localized in the lumbar region and lower extremities, which is the main factor in choosing a particular method.

Arthritis

is ​​an inflammatory condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. To combat the pain syndrome that occurs with arthritis, you can use the following:

  1. Exercise therapy (stretching, stirring, cycling, walking);
  2. Paraffin hot bath;
  3. Shower or warm bath;
  4. Using a walking stick while walking;
  5. Weight loss;
  6. Physiotherapy methods;
  7. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

In the case of this disease, the node leaves its joint capsule, resulting in inflammation.With timely treatment, in a fairly short time (at least five treatments and prophylactic procedures), it is possible to remove the pain syndrome and avoid the transition of the pathology to a chronic form.

Spine cancer

Sooner or later, oncological diseases begin to be associated with pain attacks, which can be single and permanent.

The fight against cancer pain often has three stages.

  1. Mild pain - non-opioid analgesics (meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, etc. )
  2. When amplified, light opioids (tramadol hydrochloride).
  3. Severe pain - adjuvant therapy and narcotic pain relief (morphine hydrochloride trihydrate).
Spinal cancer

Important: the use of each of the above groups has a correlation with a certain stage of disease development and, accordingly, depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is characterized by a systemic disease of the chronic type of human bone tissue, in which microarchitectonics, their density and metabolic processes are disrupted.

As a rule, in osteoporosis pain syndrome occurs only with significant loads on the musculoskeletal system (lifting weights, staying in an uncomfortable position for a long time or lying down, etc. ). The usual localization of pain is in the joints of the lower back, ankle and hip.

Pain relievers include:

  1. Diclofenac (both in the form of an oil and in the form of an injection);
  2. Ketoprofen;
  3. Lornoxicam;

Exercise therapy, physiotherapy (shock wave therapy, electrotherapy, etc. ) and wearing corsets are also used

Diseases of the internal organs radiating to the spine

Such pain can occur for a variety of reasons, ranging from coughing to sexually transmitted diseases. Most often, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which have already been mentioned more than once, are used to relieve pain of this type.

This concludes our list of pain relief remedies, which is a symptom of a specific back disorder. But, unfortunately, diseases are not the only cause of pain. The latter can be the result of things like a tree in the back, muscle strain, muscle damage, improper mattress, weight lifting. Let us consider each of these cases separately.

Back fat

Help: as it is called lipoma, a type of benign tumor that appears as a result of the proliferation of adipose tissue cells. Lipoma can appear anywhere on the human body, including the back.

Often, the tumor is completely painless and has no side effects. However, it sometimes becomes inflamed, which is accompanied by an acute pain syndrome, which can be removed by getting rid of wen itself:

  1. Medication (used when the lipoma is not more than one centimeter). A special medicine is injected with a thin needle that sucks adipose tissue.
  2. Surgical treatment (complete removal of the neoplasm).

For lifting weights

Low back pain

It often happens that after a heavy physical exertion on the musculoskeletal system, especially in the back, a person begins to experience pain. The latter has a different intensity and localization depending on the location and type of lesion.

In this case, you should see a doctor to find out the exact reason that caused the pain. To reduce the latter, oils, tablets and patches containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are quite suitable.

Low back

An alternative principle for pain syndrome sharing may be to localize its appearance, one of which may be the lower back. Pain relief in this case depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.

Muscle Stretch

Severe back pain during active physical activity can also be a symptom of stretching of the back muscles or stretching of the lower back. In this case, the following applies to combat pain syndrome:

  1. Massage;
  2. Complete rest;
  3. exercise therapy;
  4. Medication.

To prevent recurrence of stretching, the use of special support corsets, bandages and belts is recommended.

Ligament damage

This reason is quite similar to the previous one. It differs only in the greatest intensity of pain experienced. Therefore, the means for its removal in case of spinal ligament damage are similar to the previous list.

Quick Pain Relief

For rapid relief of acute pain, priority should be given to injectable medications (ibuprofen, diclofenac injections, etc. ), compresses, and bed rest.

Pain from an improperly fitted mattress.

Rapid pain relief

Important: for the most part, experts recommend not sleeping on too soft or too hard surfaces. These mattresses do not maintain the proper position of the spine throughout sleep and can damage the back.

In case of back pain, the first logical step is to consult a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to your mattress.

The standard features to consider when evaluating the quality of a mattress are as follows:

  1. Type of construction (with spring, without spring);
  2. Materials;
  3. Sustainability;
  4. Size.

Choosing a mattress is not only valid depending on its comfort, but also on the advice of a personal doctor who is well acquainted with the features of your backpack.

Thus, the reasons why back pain may occur are not limited to one or two diseases, but have a much broader conditioning.

However, in the case of back pain, certain risk groups and equally certain factors of its occurrence can be distinguished.

Risk groups:

  1. Age (on average, for men it is 55 years, for women - 60);
  2. Gender of the patient (according to statistics, men suffer more from back pain).

Risk Factors:

  1. Continuous weight lifting;
  2. Force procedures;
  3. Constant curves of the back and / or its inclinations;
  4. Fatigue;
  5. Overload;
  6. Lack of a culture of physical work;
  7. Non-compliance with health;
  8. Introduce a destructive lifestyle.

Conclusion

In the above article, we tried to cover the phenomenon of back pain as widely as possible, the reasons why it occurs and the ways in which it can be treated effectively. We hope the information is helpful. In any case, the main thing in all this remains an attentive attitude towards your health and the health of your loved ones.

06.12.2020