Among all the diseases of the human body, back diseases are, firstly, the most common and, secondly, the most painful in their course (especially in the neglected forms).Both the first and the second encourage us to know exactly what can be the causes of back pain, and what are the ways to remove, or at least reduce the pain syndrome.
In the article below, we will analyze these issues in as much detail as possible, first describing standard methods of pain relief, regardless of the reason for their occurrence. Next, we will focus on specific diseases along with symptomatic treatment methods, appropriate to each specific case. Also, attention will be paid to the facts and risk groups for back pain.
Modern medicine has developed in its depths a number of treatment methods, the use of which, more often than not, goes beyond the treatment of a single disease. These methods include:
Usually, to eliminate pain and effectively treat its cause, a complex application of the above tools is required, where the practical relationship of some methods in relation to others is determined by a specific pathology.Scoliosis
Reference: this disease is characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae laterally and their passage beyond the normal boundaries of the spine. To compensate for such a destructive turn, muscle overload occurs adjacent to the site of displacement.
The latter leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated by the following methods:
Help: Usually a heating pad wrapped in a towel is placed on the sore spot for 20-30 minutes, no more than 2-3 times a day.
The spine is a point, or rather a line, of the intersection of a large number of nerve pathways passing through the spinal cord to all the limbs of the human body.Often, devastating pathologies or physical injury can lead to nerve compression, which triggers a strong pain attack. In this case, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as surgery may be needed.
To endure the first signs of a tight nerve, you can do the following:
Once the acute pain syndrome is alleviated, other therapeutic and prophylactic means are used - physiotherapy exercises, massages, traditional medicine, etc.
Osteochondrosis is usually accompanied by persistent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.
Reference: This disease is described by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the body, which are responsible for the strength of connective tissue. When it shrinks, deformity of the intervertebral discs develops.
Pain syndrome occurs in accordance with the localization of the disease (lower back, thorax and cervix).Depending on the type of pain, there are effective remedies for relieving it:
Important: the methods of the same physiotherapy exercises are different for each type of osteochondrosis, which means consulting a specialist before performing certain exercises. The same goes for medicines, massage, physiotherapy and any other therapeutic and prophylactic means.
When this disease occurs, the main accompanying symptom is acute pain syndrome, the removal of which is often vital for the patient.Dystrophic processes occurring in the body cause a strong displacement of the vertebral disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which, in turn, is accompanied by periods of excruciating pain.The latter in some cases in itself can lead to the most unpleasant consequences up to a painful concussion.
Effective treatments for disc herniation pain include the following:
Thus, the medical method consists of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs for relieving muscle tension (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectors and analgesics of corticosteroids.
Forms of release can be very different - from intravenous injections to oils and patches.
Physiotherapy is usually limited to the following set of procedures:
Exercise therapy, on the other hand, consists of the regular implementation of exercises that are prescribed by the attending physician, depending on the specifics of each individual patient. These can be activities in the pool, cycling, walking, etc.
Note: this disease is often considered the initial form of the previous disease. So elongation is called intervertebral disc pathology, when its contents protrude beyond the spine at a distance of 5 mm.
The pain syndrome in this case is less severe than with a hernia. However, it reaches the threshold when it becomes necessary to remove it.
Methods similar to the previous list are used to successfully combat disc pain.
This word indicates pathological inflammation and oppression of the sciatic nerve. Such neuralgia includes acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated in the following ways:
With sciatica, the pain syndrome is most often localized in the lumbar region and lower extremities, which is the main factor in choosing a particular method.Arthritis
is an inflammatory condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. To combat the pain syndrome that occurs with arthritis, you can use the following:
In the case of this disease, the node leaves its joint capsule, resulting in inflammation.With timely treatment, in a fairly short time (at least five treatments and prophylactic procedures), it is possible to remove the pain syndrome and avoid the transition of the pathology to a chronic form.Spine cancer
Sooner or later, oncological diseases begin to be associated with pain attacks, which can be single and permanent.
The fight against cancer pain often has three stages.
Important: the use of each of the above groups has a correlation with a certain stage of disease development and, accordingly, depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.
As a rule, in osteoporosis pain syndrome occurs only with significant loads on the musculoskeletal system (lifting weights, staying in an uncomfortable position for a long time or lying down, etc. ). The usual localization of pain is in the joints of the lower back, ankle and hip.
Pain relievers include:
Exercise therapy, physiotherapy (shock wave therapy, electrotherapy, etc. ) and wearing corsets are also used
Such pain can occur for a variety of reasons, ranging from coughing to sexually transmitted diseases. Most often, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which have already been mentioned more than once, are used to relieve pain of this type.
This concludes our list of pain relief remedies, which is a symptom of a specific back disorder. But, unfortunately, diseases are not the only cause of pain. The latter can be the result of things like a tree in the back, muscle strain, muscle damage, improper mattress, weight lifting. Let us consider each of these cases separately.
Help: as it is called lipoma, a type of benign tumor that appears as a result of the proliferation of adipose tissue cells. Lipoma can appear anywhere on the human body, including the back.
Often, the tumor is completely painless and has no side effects. However, it sometimes becomes inflamed, which is accompanied by an acute pain syndrome, which can be removed by getting rid of wen itself:
It often happens that after a heavy physical exertion on the musculoskeletal system, especially in the back, a person begins to experience pain. The latter has a different intensity and localization depending on the location and type of lesion.
In this case, you should see a doctor to find out the exact reason that caused the pain. To reduce the latter, oils, tablets and patches containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are quite suitable.
An alternative principle for pain syndrome sharing may be to localize its appearance, one of which may be the lower back. Pain relief in this case depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.
Severe back pain during active physical activity can also be a symptom of stretching of the back muscles or stretching of the lower back. In this case, the following applies to combat pain syndrome:
To prevent recurrence of stretching, the use of special support corsets, bandages and belts is recommended.
This reason is quite similar to the previous one. It differs only in the greatest intensity of pain experienced. Therefore, the means for its removal in case of spinal ligament damage are similar to the previous list.
For rapid relief of acute pain, priority should be given to injectable medications (ibuprofen, diclofenac injections, etc. ), compresses, and bed rest.
Pain from an improperly fitted mattress.
Important: for the most part, experts recommend not sleeping on too soft or too hard surfaces. These mattresses do not maintain the proper position of the spine throughout sleep and can damage the back.
In case of back pain, the first logical step is to consult a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to your mattress.
The standard features to consider when evaluating the quality of a mattress are as follows:
Choosing a mattress is not only valid depending on its comfort, but also on the advice of a personal doctor who is well acquainted with the features of your backpack.
Thus, the reasons why back pain may occur are not limited to one or two diseases, but have a much broader conditioning.
However, in the case of back pain, certain risk groups and equally certain factors of its occurrence can be distinguished.
In the above article, we tried to cover the phenomenon of back pain as widely as possible, the reasons why it occurs and the ways in which it can be treated effectively. We hope the information is helpful. In any case, the main thing in all this remains an attentive attitude towards your health and the health of your loved ones.