Methods for treating osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is a disease in which, as a result of degenerative processes, the structure of the intervertebral joints and discs is disturbed, which leads to compression of the spinal root.Inflammatory processes lead to severe pain; with a long-term disease, the function of internal organs may be impaired.how osteochondrosis of the spine is treatedMetabolic disorder in the intervertebral discs is very painful, which is why it is so important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is, and also how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.

The essence of osteochondrosis

To understand the essence of treating spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. At the heart of the disease is a violation of the trophism of the vertebrae, intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to a change in the exact structure of all tissues, parts of the spine. Elasticity, shape, lost stability of the cartilaginous disc, which provokes a reduction in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to compression of the nerve roots due to narrowing of the holes through which they emerge, tense back muscles and pain occurs. Thus osteochondrosis appears.

Progressive osteochondrosis has signs of complications in the form of elongation and vertebral hernia. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, the intervertebral ligaments. Due to bone growths, the flexibility of the spine is lost, subluxations and bends begin to appear. Usually, such processes are characteristic of the physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis is a concern for almost all segments of the population. To do this, you need to find out the causes of the disease.

Reasons

There are many factors that lead to the development of osteochondrosis. In intervertebral discs, the formation of the vascular bed begins and its nourishment occurs according to the principle of diffusion.this is the factor that prevents disc regeneration under stress and excessive damage. A person often complains of a back injury. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to the wrong way of life of people.

  1. Poor or inadequate nutrition. By not receiving nutrients, the intervertebral discs begin to become thinner and deformed.
  2. An important cause of osteochondrosis is lack of adequate physical activity, overweight, metabolic disorders.
  3. Musculoskeletal system disorders, deteriorating posture, flat feet.
  4. Injury is a very common cause of osteochondrosis. Spinal microtrauma due to strokes, falls, irregular, sudden movements, a lot of stress. Macrotrauma due to fractures, severe bruising.
  5. Infectious diseases, intoxication.
  6. Stress, as well as smoking, provoking vasospasm.
  7. Heredity affects the onset of the disease.
  8. Climatic factor in the form of cold humidity and air.
The main causes of osteochondrosis

The main causes of osteochondrosis are the disproportionate distribution of load on the spine, very weak muscular corsets. People over the age of thirty are at greater risk, especially if their job involves lowering for a long time. In order to discover how to get rid of osteochondrosis, you need to understand the path of its development, what stages of damage the spine undergoes during the disease.

Development of the disease

What causes osteochondrosis?Due to the influence of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress, going through several stages of development.This:

  1. In the first stage, intervertebral osteochondrosis begins due to dehydration in the pulposus nucleus of the intervertebral discs. Its shape changes, becoming flatter. The distance between the vertebrae decreases, cracks gradually appear in the cartilage.
  2. In the second stage, abnormal mobility of the vertebral bodies is observed, they can move and slide. The ligamentous and muscular sag apparatus due to small gaps between the discs, motor instability.
  3. The third stage is characterized by vertebral subluxation, osteoarthritis, extravertebral disc extraction.
  4. Degenerative restoration of the spine begins. Bone spine, osteophytes are formed between the vertebrae. Thus the body adapts to the unnatural condition of the spine. Gradually, the number of bone growths becomes larger, and the vertebrae are almost completely immobile. At this stage, surgery may be required to treat osteochondrosis.

Classification

The most commonly used classification is based on the affected parts.

  1. Middle region. The most common variant of the disease. The exposed part of the spine carries the main load, as a result of which an intervertebral hernia may appear.
  2. Signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine occur due to poor development of the neck muscles. Even a small load can lead to deformation of the vertebrae. Signs of thoracic osteochondrosis do not occur as often as the previous two. This section is the most immobile, moreover, it has protection in the form of ribs and a muscular corset. The resulting osteochondrosis manifests itself as a result of the development of scoliosis.
  3. The sacral spine carries the burden of the spine, thoracic and abdominal organs. Most common in women, it is characterized by problems with the lower limbs.
  4. Extensive symptoms of osteochondrosis appear in two parts of the spine at the same time.

Symptoms of the Disease

Signs of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. How osteochondrosis manifests itself is an interesting question.Symptoms of the diseasePain can range from mild to severe and annoying, even unbearable. Symptoms and treatment are closely related. First aid to find out how and how to treat back osteochondrosis. The main signs of the disease according to its location:

  1. Problems in the cervical spine are characterized by dizziness, blurred vision, severe eye strain. There is pain in the neck, shoulders, arms, head, which worsen by turning the neck. The patient notices numbness of the skin of the face, neck and hands. Colored spots may appear before the eyes. In addition, there is often loss of consciousness due to circulatory disorders in the cervical spine and symptoms of vertebral artery syndrome.
  2. Signs of osteochondrosis in the thoracic spine are distinguished by the feeling of a "cola" in the chest, when the ache or pain radiates to the heart and lungs. Painful sensations with a deep and sharp breath. Symptoms of lumbosacral spine osteochondrosis - pain radiates to the groin, sacrum and legs, causing discomfort in the lower extremities, pain and numbness. Varicose veins are possible. The localization of the disease in the lumbar region has signs of sexual dysfunction, sometimes causing pelvic organ dysfunction. Healing the lower back restores masculine strength. For women, problems in this area negatively affect the course of pregnancy and menstruation.

Intervertebral osteochondrosis is characterized by a number of common symptoms. Rapid fatigue can manifest with stress, both mental and physical. There is "lumbago" in other organs, muscles, symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine begin to grow. Pain during inflammation increases during sneezing or coughing, bending, turning the body, head. The coldness of the upper and lower extremities is felt. Osteochondrosis of the spine, which lasts for a long time, causes practically no pain, but the mobility of the respective parts of the spine is lost as a result of the joining of the affected vertebrae.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once you detect the symptoms of osteochondrosis, treatment is prescribed according to the diagnosis.Diagnosis and treatmentAfter examining and questioning the patient, the participating neurologist announces the preliminary diagnosis. Furthermore, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT - computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance, Doppler ultrasound, X-rays, myelography. A thorough examination helps to identify the accompanying complications of vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, elongation, kyphosis.

Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis?Treating spinal osteochondrosis is a long, step-by-step process. The duration of the course depends on the age of the patient, the severity of osteochondrosis of the spine, the treatment and the patient's compliance with all the doctor's recommendations.Before dealing with the disease, you should get acquainted with the main directions of therapy, learn the methods of treatment of osteochondrosis:

  • medicine;
  • physiotherapy;
  • diet;
  • surgical treatment;
  • health resort.

As already mentioned, the doctor must decide how to cure osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment is conservative or operative. In particularly severe, neglected cases of disease development, a decision is made regarding surgical intervention. Basically, complex treatment of osteochondrosis is used. Medicines and medical technology from different industries are used together.

In the initial stage, effective treatment of osteochondrosis aims to eliminate pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve stress on the spine. Medical treatment, physiotherapy is performed. The next step is to take measures to prevent the worsening of vertebral osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, reflexology.

Medications

Medicines are designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, activate cartilage tissue regeneration, and improve blood circulation to the affected tissues.Main groups of drugs for treatment:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. NVP relieves pain, relieves inflammation, lowers the temperature of diseased spinal tissues. If symptoms are pronounced, injections are prescribed twice daily with medications such as sodium metamizole, diclofenac, meloxicam. After that, switch to tablet types of drugs: ibuprofen, paracetamol, nimesulide. The whole course of treatment lasts from ten days to a month. They receive funding from 1 to 4 times a day. Also used are creams ibuprofen, nimesulide, diclofenac sodium, applied to the skin on the affected back.
  2. Muscle relaxants. Reduces excess muscle tone by relaxing stretched muscle fibers. They are applied within a month. In severe cases, a form of injection of the drug - tolperison hydrochloride is prescribed. Next, tablets are used: tolperizone hydrochloride, baclofen, tizanidine. The regimen starts with small doses, gradually increases to therapeutic, and then decreases until canceled.
  3. Chondroprotectors. In order to improve metabolism, cartilage tissue regeneration in case of osteochondrosis (chondroitin sulfate). There are injection forms for intramuscular and intraarticular injection. The course of therapy can last up to four months.

There are also additional medicines to help speed up the healing process:

  • vitamins B1, B2, B6, E are prescribed in the form of injections in ten-day courses, improve the conduction of nerve impulses, catalyze tissue regeneration and speed up metabolism;
  • angioprotectors in the form of tablets diosmin, dipyridamole, as well as forms of drug injection: pentoxifylline, are used to improve blood flow in the veins, to increase the tone of blood vessels. The treatment lasts one to three months;
  • Glucocorticosteroids reduce swelling and inflammation and increase the effects of essential medicines. There are injections for injection into muscles or joints, this is methylprednisolone. There are pills such as methylprednisolone. The course of treatment is prescribed by the doctor individually for each patient;
  • biogenic stimulants are used to speed up metabolic processes, to help heal damaged tissue. Most commonly used in injection form: Aloe.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy methods allow to activate the healing processes, prolong the remission phase, prevent the emergence of new exacerbations.The best methods of physical therapy include:

  • Exercise therapy is one of the best methods of treating osteochondrosis, which should be used outside of the exacerbation period. A well-developed muscular corset contributes to an even distribution of load on the spine. Regular exercise improves blood circulation and repairs injuries. Breathing exercises relieve muscle spasms and help overcome pain. Joint gymnastics, rehabilitation equipment, swimming relieve stress from the spine;
  • massage improves nerve conduction, tones muscles;
  • Reflexology
  • . Activation of the body's defenses, strengthening of immunity, relief of spasms and pain is achieved by acting on certain points of the body with the help of the best needles;
  • electrophoresis creates the effect of muscle relaxation and pain relief. Blood flow to diseased tissues is normalized.

To treat spinal osteochondrosis, manual therapy, magnetic therapy, spinal traction, laser therapy, thermotherapy, mud therapy, shock wave therapy, healing showers and baths are also used.manual therapyAll of these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease progression. The duration of a course can be up to fifteen days. Three or four repetitions of the course are performed each year. An integrated approach to therapy helps to get rid of osteochondrosis exacerbations permanently.

I must say that the question is often asked whether osteochondrosis is treated with folk remedies. No, but with the main treatment, they help alleviate the condition, the methods must be agreed with the attending physician. It is possible to treat the troubled areas of the back with infusions and rubbing. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a half glass of radish juice. Add one hundred grams of vodka. After stirring, the product should be rubbed well into the diseased area of ​​the back twice a day.

Another infusion is worth doing. So 500 grams of vodka is poured into a glass of lilac flowers. Insist in a tightly closed container for ten days. The filtered medicinal infusion is rubbed into the affected area.

Diet

Proper diet food should consist of a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and vitamins.It is advisable to eliminate fast soluble carbohydrates from your diet. The calorie content of food should be from 1500 to 2500 kcal. With an exacerbation of the disease, food should be made partial. It is necessary to eat this way even after the condition of the spine improves.

When dealing with osteochondrosis for the first time, the question should not arise. The first step is to go to a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a rather laborious and lengthy process, accompanied by pain and passivity of a person. Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis - this question remains open due to the influence of many factors. Once you have gotten rid of the acute symptoms, you should continue to take care of your spine. The fight against the disease must be continuous. A person who defeats his bad habits gains a healthy and strong spine.

11.01.2021