Osteochondrosis is a disease in which, as a result of degenerative processes, the structure of the intervertebral joints and discs is disturbed, which leads to compression of the spinal root.Inflammatory processes lead to severe pain; with a long-term disease, the function of internal organs may be impaired.Metabolic disorder in the intervertebral discs is very painful, which is why it is so important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is, and also how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.
To understand the essence of treating spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. At the heart of the disease is a violation of the trophism of the vertebrae, intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to a change in the exact structure of all tissues, parts of the spine. Elasticity, shape, lost stability of the cartilaginous disc, which provokes a reduction in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to compression of the nerve roots due to narrowing of the holes through which they emerge, tense back muscles and pain occurs. Thus osteochondrosis appears.
Progressive osteochondrosis has signs of complications in the form of elongation and vertebral hernia. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, the intervertebral ligaments. Due to bone growths, the flexibility of the spine is lost, subluxations and bends begin to appear. Usually, such processes are characteristic of the physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis is a concern for almost all segments of the population. To do this, you need to find out the causes of the disease.
There are many factors that lead to the development of osteochondrosis. In intervertebral discs, the formation of the vascular bed begins and its nourishment occurs according to the principle of diffusion.this is the factor that prevents disc regeneration under stress and excessive damage. A person often complains of a back injury. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to the wrong way of life of people.
The main causes of osteochondrosis are the disproportionate distribution of load on the spine, very weak muscular corsets. People over the age of thirty are at greater risk, especially if their job involves lowering for a long time. In order to discover how to get rid of osteochondrosis, you need to understand the path of its development, what stages of damage the spine undergoes during the disease.
What causes osteochondrosis?Due to the influence of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress, going through several stages of development.This:
The most commonly used classification is based on the affected parts.
Signs of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. How osteochondrosis manifests itself is an interesting question.Pain can range from mild to severe and annoying, even unbearable. Symptoms and treatment are closely related. First aid to find out how and how to treat back osteochondrosis. The main signs of the disease according to its location:
Intervertebral osteochondrosis is characterized by a number of common symptoms. Rapid fatigue can manifest with stress, both mental and physical. There is "lumbago" in other organs, muscles, symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine begin to grow. Pain during inflammation increases during sneezing or coughing, bending, turning the body, head. The coldness of the upper and lower extremities is felt. Osteochondrosis of the spine, which lasts for a long time, causes practically no pain, but the mobility of the respective parts of the spine is lost as a result of the joining of the affected vertebrae.
Once you detect the symptoms of osteochondrosis, treatment is prescribed according to the diagnosis.After examining and questioning the patient, the participating neurologist announces the preliminary diagnosis. Furthermore, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT - computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance, Doppler ultrasound, X-rays, myelography. A thorough examination helps to identify the accompanying complications of vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, elongation, kyphosis.
Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis?Treating spinal osteochondrosis is a long, step-by-step process. The duration of the course depends on the age of the patient, the severity of osteochondrosis of the spine, the treatment and the patient's compliance with all the doctor's recommendations.Before dealing with the disease, you should get acquainted with the main directions of therapy, learn the methods of treatment of osteochondrosis:
As already mentioned, the doctor must decide how to cure osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment is conservative or operative. In particularly severe, neglected cases of disease development, a decision is made regarding surgical intervention. Basically, complex treatment of osteochondrosis is used. Medicines and medical technology from different industries are used together.
In the initial stage, effective treatment of osteochondrosis aims to eliminate pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve stress on the spine. Medical treatment, physiotherapy is performed. The next step is to take measures to prevent the worsening of vertebral osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, reflexology.
Medicines are designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, activate cartilage tissue regeneration, and improve blood circulation to the affected tissues.Main groups of drugs for treatment:
There are also additional medicines to help speed up the healing process:
Physiotherapy methods allow to activate the healing processes, prolong the remission phase, prevent the emergence of new exacerbations.The best methods of physical therapy include:
To treat spinal osteochondrosis, manual therapy, magnetic therapy, spinal traction, laser therapy, thermotherapy, mud therapy, shock wave therapy, healing showers and baths are also used.All of these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease progression. The duration of a course can be up to fifteen days. Three or four repetitions of the course are performed each year. An integrated approach to therapy helps to get rid of osteochondrosis exacerbations permanently.
I must say that the question is often asked whether osteochondrosis is treated with folk remedies. No, but with the main treatment, they help alleviate the condition, the methods must be agreed with the attending physician. It is possible to treat the troubled areas of the back with infusions and rubbing. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a half glass of radish juice. Add one hundred grams of vodka. After stirring, the product should be rubbed well into the diseased area of the back twice a day.
Another infusion is worth doing. So 500 grams of vodka is poured into a glass of lilac flowers. Insist in a tightly closed container for ten days. The filtered medicinal infusion is rubbed into the affected area.
Proper diet food should consist of a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and vitamins.It is advisable to eliminate fast soluble carbohydrates from your diet. The calorie content of food should be from 1500 to 2500 kcal. With an exacerbation of the disease, food should be made partial. It is necessary to eat this way even after the condition of the spine improves.
When dealing with osteochondrosis for the first time, the question should not arise. The first step is to go to a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a rather laborious and lengthy process, accompanied by pain and passivity of a person. Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis - this question remains open due to the influence of many factors. Once you have gotten rid of the acute symptoms, you should continue to take care of your spine. The fight against the disease must be continuous. A person who defeats his bad habits gains a healthy and strong spine.